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BMA Action Plan on Global Warming Mitigation 2007 - 2012
ติดประกาศ Thu 15 October 2009@15:29:23 โดย admin

Climate change nita บันทึก "

Bangkok Metropolitan Administration

Background Action Plan on Global Warming Mitigation 2007 - 2012

According to the Fourth Assessment Report by the Inter-governmental
Panel on Climate Change, continued greenhouse gas emissions at or above current rates will cause further warming and induce many changes in the global climate system during the 21st century that would very likely be larger than those observed during the 20th century. Global warming is now recognized as a serious threat to human civilization.

Even though Thailand is not bound to international commitments to reduce greenhouse gasses (GHG) emissions, such as mandated for developed countries in the Kyoto Protocol under United Nations Framework on Convention for Climate Change, The Bangkok 
Metropolitan Administration believes it nonetheless must begin to take action to reduce its contribution to the global warming problem. GHG emission levels from the Bangkok metropolitan area are relatively high when compared to other large cities even those in developed countries. (See Table 1) Therefore, the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration is initiating its own Action Plan to reduce GHG emissions from the city and to take part in the global effort to mitigate global warming problems.


download Executive Summary Report   



The Bangkok Metropolitan area, being Thailand’s major center for socioeconomic activities, consumes approximately 29,200 GWh of electricity annually, which is equivalent to 14.86 million tons of CO2 emissions. Additionally, transportation in Bangkok is dominated by the use of CO2- producing vehicles. The Department of Energy Business, Ministry of Energy, estimates that Bangkok transportation sector consumes approximately 28 million litters of gasoline per day, which is equivalent to approximately 21.18 million tons of CO2 emissions annually. Combined, energy and transportation are responsible for 84% of Bangkok’s GHG emissions. Methane from solid waste landfill and wastewater is another source of GHG emissions in Bangkok, estimated at 1.13 million tons of CO2 equivalent annually or 3 percent of total emissions. The remaining 13 percent of Bangkok’s GHG emissions, from miscellaneous sources such as rice fields, canals, etc., totals 5.58 million tons of CO2 equivalent annually.


As of 2007, the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration manages approximately 1,900 ha of park area, including at least 3 million trees. These trees, together with trees on private land, should be able to absorb CO2 on the order of 0.1 million tons per year. This equates to net GHG emissions in Bangkok of 42.65 million tons of CO2 equivalent per year. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, well aware of the city’s high GHG emissions from various activities, has taken initial steps to pioneer for Thailand strategies that address future GHG emissions. The activities laid out in this Action Plan consists of 5 initiatives targeted at reducing Bangkok’s total GHG emission in the year 2012 by 15% below business as usual (BAU) projections.



หมายเหตุ: GHG = Greenhouse Gas
p.a. = per annum
GWh = Gigawatt hour
CO2 = Carbon Dioxide
ha = Hectare
BAU = Business as Usual
OTP = The Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning
eBUM = The Extended Bangkok Urban Model
MRTA = The Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand
BRT = Bus Rapid Transit
CNG = Compressed Natural Gases
Kg CO2 / liter = Kilogram Carbon Dioxide per Liter
KWh = Kilowatt hour
ECON = The ECON Centre for Economic Analysis
CDM = Clean Development Mechanism
DANIDA = The Danish International Development Assistance
ERM = The Environment Resources Management
3Rs concept = Reduce / Reuse / Recycle
IPCC = Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
"

 
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สำนักสิ่งแวดล้อม ศาลาว่าการ กทม.2 ถนนมิตรไมตรี เขตดินแดง กท.10400 โทร. 0 2247 1812
Environment Department, Bangkok City Hall 2  Mitrmaitri Road, Dindeang District, Bangkok 10400 Thailand Tel. 0 2247 1812

Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA)
173 Dinso Road, Sao Ching Cha, Phra Nakorn District, Bangkok 10200, Thailand Tel. 02 224 3055, 02 2261710 Fax. 02 224 3059
Website : http://www.bangkok.go.th/environment

The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) is organized in accordance with the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Act 1985 to be responsible for the management of the city of Bangkok. It is the sole organization at the local authority level responsible for its duties and it provides services for the well-being of Bangkok residents.